Such countries myself prosecute prostitutes/sex gurus, which to visit a criminal offenses

Such countries myself prosecute prostitutes/sex gurus, which to visit a criminal offenses

So it 1999 law got two major needs: reducing prostitution (for the short term from the policing they and in the fresh new much time term of the modifying societal attitudes to your it) and reducing person trafficking having sexual intentions (Holmstrom Skilbrei, 2017)

A second categorization scheme distinguishes among criminalization, legalization (or regulation), and decriminalization. The first category can be divided into “criminalization of the client” and “criminalization of the seller” (Ostergen, 2017). A third typology, with four categories, comes from Garotalo Geymonat (2014): criminalization (or prohibition), regulation (or legalization), Leverkusen escort abolitionism, and decriminalization. With criminalization, a state completely outlaws the exchange of sex for money. Criminalization may apply to workers or to clients, as in Sweden. With control, the state recognizes prostitution/sex work (only among adults and without any restrictions) and regulates the sexual activities. With abolitionism, prostitution/sex work is not illegal per se, but certain activities are declared illegal and banned, such as trafficking and third- party gain (as in brothels and pimping). Decriminalization, the newest category, has been occurring only since 2003, when New Zealand became the first country to adopt this policy. In New Zealand there is no specific law on sex work, and selling sex and sexual services is equal to any other economic activity. Danna (2014) has suggested two additional categories: neo-prohibi- tionism (the criminalization of the client) and neo-regulationism (non-punitive toward sellers).

The Swedish Sex Purchase Act was first presented as part of the Womens Peace Bill. Its purpose was “to combat prostitution, which was seen as harmful, both for those directly involved and for society at large” (Holmstrom Skilbrei, 2017, p. 83). To accomplish these goals, the law criminalized the clients ot prostitutes (as we know, the law does not use the term sex gurus). These clients, who commit a criminal offence, are punished with a fine and in theory even with prison (in 2011, the prison sentence increased from 6 months to 12 months), but only 200 cases are reported each year, and of these only 10% end in a fine or imprisonment (Garofalo Geymonat, 2014). Nonetheless, many other countries, including Norway, Iceland, France, and Ireland, have adopted the “Swedish model.”

Centered on Jonsson and you may Jakobsson (2017), you will find a higher level regarding societal allowed having experts- titution/sex operate in regions where prostitution/sex tasks are legal and/or managed than in nations where it’s illegal otherwise criminalized

2 decades later on, we are able to query: Performed brand new Swedish Sex Pick Act reach the requirements? Centered on Holmstrom and you may Skilbrei (2017), it’s very difficult to dictate the effects, or no, of the Swedish law inside the Sweden. Earliest, let’s evaluate the latest law’s first mission: the fresh new decrease in prostitution. Predicated on Kotsadam and Jakobsson (2014), prostitution is much more common where it is courtroom (as with Denmark) and less well-known in which it is illegal (such as Sweden). But not, “visibility” always makes reference to path prostitution. While the 1999, what amount of women (and you can dudes) which sell sex on the street inside Sweden provides reduced rather, however it is extremely difficult to express a comparable from the online prostitution. This new law’s 2nd objective would be to changes society’s point of views into prostitution.

Therefore, we are able to ending that “the new Sex Buy Work enjoys contributed to enhanced assistance regarding [Swedish] society to have forbidding not just purchasing sex as well as selling sexual services” (Svedin, Jonsson, Kjellgren, Priebe, Akerman, 2012, p. 33). To phrase it differently, it appears that this new Swedish society not merely highly prefers the regulations and believes that laws must criminalize the fresh sellers. However, which trust work resistant to the fundamental purposes of your own statutes, and therefore aims to protect the new subjects (the brand new sellers) also to criminalize clients (Holmstrom Skilbrei, 2017).