From inside the Babylon, from inside the blog post-Talmudic Geonic period,

From inside the Babylon, from inside the blog post-Talmudic Geonic period,

Zemah ben Paltoi, Gaon of Pumbedita (872–890), “calls upon a man to flog his wife if she is guilty of assault.” Rabbi Yehudai b. Nahman (Yehudai Gaon, 757–761) writes that: “…when her husband enters the house, she must rise and cannot sit down until he sits, and she should never raise her voice against her husband. Even if he hits her she has to remain silent, because that is how chaste women behave” (Ozar ha-Ge’onim, Ketubbot 169–170). The ninth-century Gaon of Sura, Sar Shalom b. Boaz (d. c. 859 or 864), distinguishes between an assault on a woman by her husband and an assault on her by a stranger. The Gaon of Sura’s opinion was that the husband’s assault on his wife was less severe, since the husband has authority over his wife (Ozar ha-Ge’onim, Bava Kamma, ).

A good example of an excellent rabbi who knew you to definitely Maimonides’s terms and conditions rationalized beating a person’s partner getting good “good” produce is actually R

In the Muslim The country of spain, R. His thinking toward the newest domineering woman would be the fact she will be able to feel hit in acquisition to coach their unique. The guy writes in the book Ben Mishlei: “Strike your wife as opposed to concern in the event the she attempts to take over your such as a man and you can raises their direct [too high]. Cannot, my son, not end up being your wife’s spouse, when you’re your wife will be their particular partner’s spouse!” Underlying their terminology is the fact that ideal woman is certainly one exactly who is subservient; the new bad woman is one that is disputatious.

In the following period, known as that of the “ Rabbinic authorities/halakhic decisors/ biblical commentators of the mid-11 th to mid-15 th c.. The period of the rishonim followed that of the geonim and preceded that of the a h aronim. Rishonim ,” Moses ben Maimon (Rambam), b. Spain, 1138 Maimonides (1135–1204) recommends in his Code, the Mishneh Torah she-bi-khetav : Lit. “the written Torah.” The Bible; the Pentateuch; Tanakh (the Pentateuch, Prophets and Hagiographia) Torah , that beating a bad wife is an acceptable form of discipline: “A wife who refuses to perform any kind of work that she is obligated to do, may be compelled to perform it, even by scourging her with a rod” (Isshut ). Some rabbis, such as Shem Tov b. Abraham ibn Gaon (d. Safed, 1312), in his commentary Migdal Oz on Maimonides, understand the referent to be the rabbinic court (beit din), since the word “force” (kofin) is in the plural, rather than the singular. However, most commentators concur that Maimonides means that it is the “husband” who can force her. R. Vidal Yom Tov of Tolosa, the well-known fourteenth-century interpreter of Maimonides’s Mishneh Torah, writes in the Maggid Mishneh that “Nahmanides wrote that we force her with a stick and it is also the view of Rabbenu (i.e., Maimonides) and the major rabbis.” It should be noted that Maimonides was most liberal in grounds for divorce, allowing sexual incompatibility, “me’is alai” (lit. “He is repulsive to me”) as grounds (cf. also Ket. 63b).

Samuel ha-Nagid (936–1056) is one of the first sages so you’re able to recommend the spouse to overcome their dominating partner to make sure that she stay in their set

Jonah ben Abraham Gerondi (c. 1200–1263), who recognized the theory you to a partner will get defeat his partner in the event the she transgresses: “A person must not beat his neighbor. . The guy just who sounds his neighbor transgresses several bad precepts. Thereby it is towards the people exactly who sounds their spouse. The guy transgresses a few negative precepts, if the the guy failed to hit their to reprove their own for almost all transgression” [focus mine] (Iggeret Teshuvah, Constantinople, 1548). Hence R. Jonah differentiates anywhere between partner assault and you will complete stranger assault. One could just assault an individual’s partner in the event the justified, but you can never ever assault your feminine neighbor.